A sketch of the Hyde Park Barracks, Sydney
Drawing by Hardy Wilson in 1914 of building designed by Francis Greenway Photo: Wikipedia Commons
Macquarie Lighthouse, Port Jackson
Australia Photographs – albumen photoprint – 26.7 × 21.9 cm. Photograph taken in the 1870s. Photo: Wikipedia Commons via State Library of NSW
Government House, Bennelong Point, Sydney,
Photo: Wikipedia Commons via Sardaka.
Conservatorium of Music, Sydney
Originally known as the Government Stables. Photo: Wikipedia Commons
Francis Howard Greenway, one time convict-cum-colonial architect arrived in Australia 200 years ago on 7 February, 1814. And that's worth celebrating!
He arrived on the transport ship the General Hewitt having left England five months earlier along with 300 fellow convicts. Greenway had been found guilty of a forgery charge—he was a master builder working in Bristol and had got into financial strife. The story goes that he forged a contract—badly, it is told. He was originally sentenced to death, but was eventually handed a commuted sentence to 14 years with transportation to Botany Bay.
His first job in Sydney was one for the surgeon he had met on board ship and through this work and a hand-written recommendation from Governor Philip, came to the attention of Governor Macquarie who was desperately short of qualified and experienced workers.
While still a convict, Greenway designed the Macquarie Lighthouse on South Head after which Macquarie deemed him a free man and put him to work in the official capacity of Acting Civil Architect. He designed many significant public buildings, the most famous being the Hyde Park Barracks and Government House both of which belong in the suite of properties curated by Sydney Living Museums.
Sometime during the 1830s Greenway turned his hand to breweries, designing what is now the oldest consistently operating brewery in Australia.
Three beautiful Georgian churches, Sydney's St James Church, St Matthews at Windsor and St Luke's in Liverpool were built by Greenway, buildings which are nowadays renowned as much for their interiors as their exteriors. He was responsible for several courthouses including the Supreme Court in King Street and the Windsor Courthouse.
Sometime during the 1830s Greenway turned his hand to breweries, designing what is now the oldest consistently operating brewery in Australia. Bradley Grange, comprises brewery, malt house, steam mills, tobacco kiln, and mews of workers’ cottages and are wonderful examples of our early steam-powered industrial heritage.
And its here that one of the biggest celebrations of his architectural legacy will be had! Each Friday for the next six weeks Bradley Grange celebrates the early pioneers of the area, kicking off at 10am, Friday 7 February with a toast and a pint for Greenway!
Everyone's welcome—stay for lunch and sample a few real ales that have been brewed on site consistently since the 1830s.
For more information, visit the Bradley Grange website.
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